The History of Sewing Machine by Groz-Beckert

The History of the Sewing Machines

Sewing machines have a history that goes back to the mid-nineteenth century. The basic function and principle of stitch formation has remained virtually unchanged over the years.

The invention of a sewing needle bearing an eye near the point spurred the development of the first sewing machines at the beginning of the 19th century. Yet their functions were still very limited and they could only produce straight seams. The first truly functional sewing machine was invented in 1851 by Isaac Merritt Singer.

The machines continued to be developed, and were first driven by a belt at the beginning of the 20th century, and as of 1935 by electric motors. Other functions such as reverse sewing and thread cutting were added later, while stitching tables came along in the 1960s.